Cluster C Personality Disorders: Types & Symptoms

The personality disorders that fall under cluster C often have characteristics that are described as anxious, tense, and high in control. This cluster includes 3 types: the dependent, avoidant and compulsive (obsessive-compulsive) personality disorder.

Symptoms of cluster C personality disorders

Cluster C includes avoidant, dependent and compulsive (obsessive-compulsive) personality disorder.

Avoidant Personality Disorder

People with avoidant personality disorder avoid social contact for fear of rejection. They do have a need for social contact, but are afraid of being humiliated. This makes them look inhibited. In addition, they can be ashamed of shortcomings and are afraid of criticism, so they avoid activities. The disorder usually first manifests itself in young adulthood. This occurs in about 2.4% of the general population.

Dependent personality disorder

Dependent personality disorder is characterized by a feeling of helplessness and low self-esteem. Someone thinks that he / she cannot do it alone and has little confidence in his / her own abilities. He / she needs a lot of reassurance from others and asks for help quickly. One shows excessive dependence on others and tries to please others. They avoid arguments, as this could increase the chance of abandonment. Their own needs are often neglected and someone will always be nice and sweet. This causes a lot of stress and anxiety.

0.49 – 1.7% of the general population has a dependent personality disorder, of which more women than men. It isn’t entirely clear how a dependent personality disorder develops, but it does involve a mix of genetic and environmental factors. There is some evidence that lower intelligence and developmental delay is related to the development of dependent personality disorder. Growing up in a protective family and having negative experiences in childhood also appear to be related to dependent personality disorder.

Cluster C Personality Disorders

Obsessive-Compulsive personality disorder

People who have this disorder are very perfectionist and orderly. They are inflexible and not prone to self-criticism, something is right or wrong. In addition, they are very busy with details, lists, rules and organization. This often makes it difficult to complete a task, because it can’t meet its own requirements. 2.1% of the general population has a compulsive personality disorder. A cause of Compulsive Personality Disorder can be cold and rigorous upbringing in an environment where the emphasis is on guilt, responsibility, and achievement.

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